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International Fertility Medical Center
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Fertility Disorders

Common Fertility Disorders

Any individual for couples, for whom fertility and IVF treatments have already become an integral part of their life, is aware of the common saying that they should be very patient and not wait for definitive results. 

Infertility is a problem that is attributed to both spouses
One third of fertility disorders are attributed to the woman‘s inability to conceive, one third are due to some type of dysfunction on behalf of the man and an additional third are common to the man and woman combined. In addition to this, there can be more than one reason for infertility.
Therefore, it is possible to say that the man and the woman are equally responsible for fertility disorders.
Upon contacting the
International Fertility Medical Center (via online consultation) you will be advised to perform a series of examinations and tests, and arrive at a Problem Oriented Diagnosis (P.O.D.).  The treatment provided will thus be tailor-made, presented to the couple and hopefully resolve all of their diagnosed infertility problems.

This approach (P.O.D.), which is unlike the trial and error method, will exponentially accelerate the chance for: A Continuous pregnancy in the fastest manner possible.   

The series of tests required for diagnosis over one menstruation cycle include:

  • Hormonal and general blood tests
    * Genetic screening – in order to diagnose whether there is a risk of genetic embryo illnesses.
    * Small pelvis ultrasound scan – in order to obtain information about the womb and ovaries.
    X- Ray of the womb and fallopian tubes- enables diagnosing problems in the uterine cavity and/or obstructions of the fallopian tubes.
    Hysteroscopy- enables a direct observation of the uterine cavity.
    * Timed endometrial (womb lining) biopsy - to find out whether it can withstand a pregnancy.  
    Elementary sperm test- for obtaining information about the concentration, the motility and the morphology (structure) of the sperm cells.
    Advanced sperm test and semen culture - when the primer sperm test is found abnormal.
    * Spouse hormonal tests and testicle ultrasound scanning when the sperm test is abnormal and defining the cause for a sperm disorder is necessary.

Problem Oriented Diagnosis (P.O.D.)

Gathering the test results and analyzing the abundance of data, including those from previous visits, with the help of an "expert system" (computer software) which enables the treating physician to focus and finalize the diagnosis which he deems to be the best treatment geared towards your specific needs.

Later on, during the treatment, this same unique "expert system" will be used.
The expert system includes several important and main functions:

-  Summarizes and analyzes the variety of medical data, taking into account all the small details.
-  Supporting the diagnosis of the treating physician in order to reduce the probability of mistakes.
-  Prevents overlooking important details at any stage of the treatment.
-  Allows the collaboration of information gathered by the team members in various areas, while simultaneously treating the same couple.
- Adjusts your medicine dose to increase the chances of success in the upcoming treatments.

 

 

 

Female Infertility

Hormonal disorders
Hormones are chemical substances secreted by the body‘s internal glands which influence the growth processes, sexual development, the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and more. Hormonal disorders can disrupt the appearance of menstruation, ovulation process, changes occurring in the cervix etc. Sometimes, other gland disorders can disrupt hormone secretion by follicles in the ovary and thus, lead to deficiencies in the ovulation process, implantation of pregnancy, problems in the womb or its "support" in the first trimester. 
Mechanical disorders 
These are disorders in the path of the egg and the sperm towards their meeting in the fallopian tube or in the path of a fertilized egg to the womb.  Due to the malfunction or obstruction in the fallopian tubes or cervical canal, the meeting between the egg and the sperm might not take place or the fertilized egg will not be able to reach the uterine cavity from the distant edge of the fallopian tube, towards implantation. Scars (adhesions), benign tumors (fibroids/ myomas / polyps) or congenital defects in the womb (septum, bicornuate uterus), prevent the migration of the embryo and its implantation.
The age of the woman
After 35, there is a decrease in fertility due to significantly more genetic egg defects.
After 40, these deficiencies can not be avoided and cause a significant decrease in the "ability" of the eggs to create a pregnancy or a genetically normal pregnancy.

 

 

Male Infertility

Male infertility
Fertility disorders in men are mainly due to deficiencies in sperm quantity, its form and motility. In most cases, those deficiencies can be identified in a laboratory examination of the sperm, indicating its current state. Hormonal blood tests help define the testicle‘s ability to produce and allow normal sperm cells to obtain their maturity. Immunological blood and semen culture tests point to different infections as a reason for sperm deficiencies. Medical consultations, genetic testing of the patient, sperm cells and the embryos created as a result of egg fertilization, will reveal if a genetic disorder of the sperm cells are responsible for the infertility.
The long period of sperm cell maturation in the testicles (about three months), external factors, such as chemical substances, way of life, radiation etc, might influence the sperm‘s ability to fertilize, from a genetic standpoint. 

The Man‘s Age
The man‘s age also influences the ability of the sperm cells to initiate a pregnancy or normal pregnancy (excluding those ending in a first trimester abortion).
A significant decrease is observed in men after the age of 50, similar to women around the age of 40. This phenomenon is related to genetic changes (possibly failures) in the sperm cells, which worsen with the age.

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